Sleep Disorders Research

As many as one in 10 Americans have Chronic Insomnia, and at least one in four has difficulty sleeping sometimes. Insomnia and other sleeping disorders may cause a person significant psychological and medical distress.

Symptoms of Insomnia Include

At least one of the following:

  • Difficulty falling sleep
  • Difficulty staying asleep
  • Waking up too early in the morning
  • Waking up feeling un-refreshed AND
  • Sleeplessness has a negative impact on your daytime functioning, such as difficulty concentrating or irritability.

What is Insomnia?

Insomnia is a sleep disorder that is characterized by difficulty falling and/or staying asleep

What is Insomnia caused by?

Significant life stress, Emotional or physical discomfort.
Environmental factors like noise, light, or extreme temperatures interfere with sleep.
Some medications, depression, high blood pressure and asthma may interfere with sleep.

How is Insomnia diagnosed?

An evaluation may include a physical exam, a medical history, and a sleep history. You may be asked to keep a sleep diary for a week or two, keeping track of your sleep patterns and how you feel during the day.

How is Insomnia different from Chronic Insomnia?

Insomnia can be short-term (acute insomnia) or can last a long time (chronic insomnia). Acute insomnia can last from one night to a few weeks. Insomnia is called chronic when a person has insomnia at least three nights a week for a month or longer.

What are the treatments for Insomnia?

Acute insomnia may not require treatment. Mild insomnia often can be prevented or cured by practicing good sleep habits. Your health care provider may prescribe sleeping pills for a limited time. Rapid onset, short-acting drugs can help you avoid effects such as drowsiness the following day

Treatment for chronic insomnia includes first treating any underlying conditions or health problems that are causing the insomnia. If insomnia continues, your health care provider may suggest behavioral therapy. Behavioral approaches help you to change behaviors that may worsen insomnia and to learn new behaviors to promote sleep. Techniques such as relaxation exercises, sleep restriction therapy, and reconditioning may be useful.

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